Picking a random server with PHP(with server online checking)

Some time ago I was facing a challenge, making a PHP script that randomly picks a server from a server list, to create a load balancing effect. The script expects that the servers are replicated, so that only the server name need to be provided. Resulting resources would be like:

http://alpha.jeroen.pro/static/background.jpg
http://beta.jeroen.pro/static/background.jpg

Code:

 PHP | 
 
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?

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<?php
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function select_server($servers, $default)
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{
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        $server = $default;
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        $gotServer = false;
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        while($gotServer == false && count($servers) > 0)
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        {
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            $randomkey = array_rand($servers);
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            $server = $servers[$randomkey];
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            $port = 80;
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            $status = apc_fetch("server_test_".$server, &$fetchstatus);
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            if($fetchstatus == false)
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            {
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                    if($fp=@fsockopen($server,$port,$ERROR_NO,$ERROR_STR,1))
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                    {
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                            fclose($fp);
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                            $status = "online";     
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                    }
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                    else
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                    {
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                            $status = "offline";
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                    }
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                apc_store("server_test_".$server, $status, 10);
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             }
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             if($status != "offline")
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             {
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                $gotServer = true;
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                $server = $servers[$randomkey];
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             }
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             else
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             {
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                unset($servers[$randomkey]);
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                unset($status);
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                unset($fetchstatus);
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                $server = $default;
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             }
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         }
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         return $server;
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}
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?>
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Remember: the code uses APC to store the server status for 10 seconds, you could remove the APC part, but that would cause extra load on the servers.

The code loops through the server list(which was made random), and tries every server until it found one that is online. If none is online, it’s going to the default server.

Usage:

 PHP | 
 
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?

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<?php
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    $servers = array('alpha.jeroen.pro', 'beta.jeroen.pro');
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    $default = "jeroen.pro";
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    $server = select_server($servers, $default);
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    echo '<img src="http://'.$server.'/static/background.jpg" />';
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?>

jerbob92
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One Response to Picking a random server with PHP(with server online checking)

  1. Nancy says:

    Thanks for the share!
    Nancy.R

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